Coast To Coast – Norfolk to Wales 1

1. Norfolk and The Wash

It seems incredible that a whole year has gone by since on June 5th 2019 I stumbled with unusual optimism off my own front doorstep and onto the first long distance hike I’ve ever devised myself.

It was to be my best and most unique adventure yet, and the summer weather would be perfect. To mark six decades on this planet I would walk from my home near Sheringham to my parents’ home at Bangor, North Wales, arriving on the morning of my 60th birthday to a hero’s welcome in the bosom of my family. My birthday is the longest day of the year, hence at some point during the planning phase this walk became known as ‘Andrew’s Cosmic Solstice Rebirth Pilgrimage’.

After days of squinting at screens and clicking mice I’d successfully pieced together a novel but entirely feasible route, the terrain would be mostly flat, the nights would be warm, what could go wrong?

norfolk door step

It’s amazing how optimistic you can feel when you’re still standing on your own front doorstep.

I was so pleased with my cunning plan I’d started imagining that I’d not only blog about my great adventure, it would be so interesting I could even produce a guidebook. I could call my trail ‘The Real Coast-to-Coast’, or more whimsically ‘The Whole Sherbang’ – Sheringham to Bangor. Everyone would then ask why I hadn’t extended my walk to its logical conclusion, to Holyhead via the coast path around Anglesey. I’d have to admit that after 320 wet and sore-footed miles I’d been taken there in a car for my birthday dinner.

A year later I’m finally able to remember this hike with something approaching equanimity. It was a bit of a struggle. Not because the idea was bad or the route a dud, but due to two bits of bad luck. My carefully chosen trail shoes (a brand I knew and trusted but a model new to me) started to fall apart after just a few training walks. At the last minute based on a dodgy recommendation I bought new, tougher shoes of an unfamiliar make. By day three I had blisters and by half way a bloody open wound on one foot. There were days on this hike when, with every step I took, sweat literally popped from my brow with the pain.

Still, for the first three days the weather was perfect; I limped along with a light heart.

norfolk coast poppies at Kelling

Setting out towards the North Sea in perfect hiking weather

Then, as I awoke from a short night in a foetal position on a sloping sea wall and surrounded by angry cattle, the rain started. For the next ten days it hammered down and hardly stopped. I’d chosen to hike across Britain through the wettest June on record. I had only lightweight gear and no tent, just a bivy bag and micro-tarp. Twelve months on, as I type this memory, an uncontrollable shiver passes through me. Pardon me, I must pause for a hot mug of tea and to find an extra woolly.

It’s surprisingly tricky to plot a route across the centre of Britain from east to west, even by road. For historical reasons most of our well-worn routes either run north-south along the spine of the island, radiate from London or follow the coast. Nobody travels in a straight line across the middle, unless they’re daft enough to live in Norfolk and have family in North Wales in which case they soon discover that each of the half a dozen possible driving routes is equally wiggly and indirect. There is, obviously, no designated hiking trail.

In England and Wales, unlike Scotland, there’s no general right of access to the countryside, walkers are limited to the Public Footpaths shown on Ordnance Survey (OS) maps. After several frustrating attempts to plot my route from paper maps in Norwich library I (unusually for me) spent actual money on a subscription to the OS app. This enabled me to piece together footpaths into a route on my PC then download the resulting GPX files to my phone. There were macro- and micro-geographical issues. At the macro level I had great difficulty deciding just how to thread my way between the cities and towns of central England.

Only on a recce trip (mainly to find out how on earth I’d get across the M1) did I finally realise that the Grantham Canal provided a legitimate and level footpath into the heart of England, and that the basic route which then snapped into place at either end of that waterway formed a more or less flat and more or less entirely rural corridor all the way from King’s Lynn to Llangollen.


This journey took me 16 days, plus a 17th morning down into Bangor.

Job done, except that at the micro level there were several niggling little gaps in my spidery string of footpaths and in particular it was a bit of a mystery from the map exactly how I’d get across several other very busy major roads. Oh well, I’d just have to cross those when I came to them.

All that remained was to find places to sleep. Oh dear, there weren’t any, apart from a very few AirBnB’s in quite unlikely locations. It became clear that to make the trip affordable and the route anything like a straight line across Britain I’d have to camp out illegitimately in whatever dodgy spot I could find at dusk every other night or so, regrouping in an AirBnB or other budget digs in between. Had it not been for AirBnBs (and two exceptionally kind hosts in particular) I’d have given up. AirBnB saved the whole Sherbang.


On the Norfolk Coast Path

I’m lucky to have this National Trail on my doorstep and although not the shortest route out of Norfolk it made the obvious start to my adventure.

norfolk coast path national trail

This is my routine training walk for any hike – three miles of shingle

norfolk coast path wood

In this pretty little wood near Weybourne the Oaks are quite old but stunted by the cold wind off the sea.


Great, more shingle. These will actually be the hardest three miles of the whole hike until I get to Snowdonia.

avocet eggs

The Avocet’s ‘nest’.

Topography is not a feature of the Norfolk Coast Path but wildlife absolutely is. Near where an Avocet was making a noisy fuss I saw a big clump of dumped fishing line with some nasty rusty hooks and went to pick it up. Two paces ahead of me I suddenly saw the eggs, three tiny precious lives, absurdly vulnerable and blood-warm to the touch. Luckily there were no gulls but when I was 20 yards further past one moseyed in off the sea, heading towards the nest. I shouted and waved my sticks, the gull got the idea and veered off east. Mrs Avocet sidled back onto her nest. With all the disturbance and predators Avocet productivity in North Norfolk is very poor.

cley mill

Everybody photographs the famous windmill at Cley-next-the-Sea but as I used to work in there, to me it’s just another office.

norfolk stiffkey marshes

Saltmarshes at Stiffkey, many years ago I did my undergraduate ecology project here. On this visit, by time-honoured tradition I applied sunscreen, because I felt sunburnt.

This exceptional, world-class landscape is my routine walk ’round the block’, hence I’m afraid most of my attention was focused on what I was going to order for my early supper in the wonderful Platten’s fish and chip shop at Wells-next-the-Sea.

plattens chippie wells

The first important landmark on my coast to coast walk. I take it no one’s under the misapprehension I intended to go hungry on this adventure.


Vipers Bugloss at Wells harbour

Once I get past Wells I’m off my patch, so here in a sense the adventure proper had started. In particular I wasn’t quite sure where I was going to spend my first night. Wild camping isn’t officially encouraged in this neck of the woods, it would be necessary to do so very discretely, pitching late in the day and keeping an eye peeled for His Lordship’s notorious minions.


The tide was teeming into the channel, and the stereo on this fishing boat was playing bangin’ club anthems at impressive volume.


It was as busy as usual on Holkham beach. You can get caught out by the tide here, it sneaks up these little channels and cuts you off. But then who doesn’t like a paddle at the seaside.


The first night’s bivy, that Thermarest Neoair Xlite is annoyingly conspicuous.

The need to sleep in rather marginal locations was the main reason I’d decided to bivy and micro-tarp, rather than pitch a tent. A bivy and tarp you can uproot and shift in short order and you leave even less trace of your passing. Because the tarp needs so much less tension than a tent you can doss down in a sand dune with the guys just tied to clumps of grass, no one will ever know you’ve slept there. Of course I never, ever, light fires on anyone else’s land and on this lightweight hike I wasn’t even carrying a stove, so I had no fear of causing any damage. Nonetheless in this particular spot I had to be quite circumspect. As the hike went on and I became more wet, cold and disconsolate I started to take more risks, in hope of a night in a nice warm, dry police cell.


The first sunset.


The next morning, still fine, for now…


Survived my first night under a micro-tarp!

camping food

As I was tucking into my chocolate with chocolate breakfast I distinctly heard a Bittern booming. By the way, you can eat whatever you like on a Cosmic Solstice Rebirth Pilgrimage.

The next section of the Coast Path takes you through what most people consider to be the classic North Norfolk, the Burnhams (aka ‘Chelsea On Sea’), Brancaster and Titchwell where the path takes a massive detour inland, Thornham, Holme with its huge and beautiful beach and then Sunny Hunny.


No speed limits on this trail

One thing I spent a lot of time doing on this walk was visiting churches; on Facebook I posted lots of pictures of their points of historical interest which is all very well when you’re posting news on the hoof once a day but on a blog they’d pile up interminably. You’ll have to trust me, on this hike I saw lots of interesting things in lots of old churches.

norfolk national trail

On the coast path at Brancaster


A refreshing pint in the Lifeboat Inn at Thornham, the first place I ever spent a night in Norfolk. It was a tiny rustic pub back then, now it’s something of a mega hospitality complex, but still somehow wonderful.


Another busy day on Holme beach, which is famous of course as the home of a Sea Henge.

norfolk coast path sign

Once past this sign I was out of my comfort zone, stepping for the first time onto paths I’d never walked before.


It would be silly to walk all the way to Hunstanton and not see the famous stripey cliffs. OK, it’s still quite silly to walk all the way to Hunstanton. If you know what you’re looking for these fresh chalk exposures are full of fossils. I have no idea what I’m looking for.

It’s quite a hike round the northwest corner of Norfolk into Hunstanton but even so I was pretty dismayed to find I had blisters already and so had to head up the high street to top up my first aid supplies in the useful shops, bearing in mind there’d be no more for several days. This was also a good excuse for some more excellent fish and chips, ditto.


Heading out of Hunstanton, hm, not much in the way of camp sites.


Another dune, another dodgy bivy.

heacham norfolk dune camp

And of course the main reason for sleeping out south of Hunstanton is you get to see the sunset over The Wash. Even on an average evening it’s quite something.

The next morning a cool breeze had sprung up so at breakfast time I was grateful for the shelter of a hide at Snettisham bird reserve. Thank you RSPB, I am a fully paid-up member!


Strong drink and pills in a bird hide!


Rather a lot of annoying signs on this section of the National Trail


This is a Range Rover. Normal for Norfolk, as they say.


More Normal for Norfolk.


Proper brekkie at Dersingham Co-Op

One of the biggest headaches in planning this walk was trying to work out whether I could walk along the coast south of Snettisham to King’s Lynn. I spent ages enquiring of locals and official bodies and could get only non-commital mumblings back. It turns out you can, but you can’t. Physically you probably still can, and there are some who have done so in recent memory. Legally and in all likelihood practically you probably can’t, the land is allegedly owned by the Royal family and there’s no longer a right of way for security reasons. You can give it a try, but you’ll probably get turned back especially if any Royals are in residence at Sandringham. It seemed altogether more sensible to follow the official route inland, not least because at Dersingham there’s a lovely big Co-Op for a proper breakfast.


I must get round to sending a stern email to Prince William about access to the coast. How the proposed coastal path around the UK is going to manage this bit I’m not sure. Either way of course you’d still have to hike down to King’s Lynn to get across the river. Map from OsmAnd, copyright the OpenStreetMap contributors.

You’d think walking through Sandringham would be straightforward but in fact it’s extremely confusing and for the first time I was glad of the GPS. You don’t get a view of the house either, but once you finally escape from the royal demesne and cross the main road at Babingley you do stumble across a strange and unexpected little orthodox church made from corrugated iron and thatch.


On the confusing Sandringham estate, a new play area by royal appointment

babingley church

This strange and isolated little corrugated iron building is an orthodox church.


In contrast Castle Rising has a vast Norman church, the famous stone font with its pussycats three is one of the oldest in Norfolk. Oops, a church stuff picture.

By luck the pub at Castle Rising had recently re-opened after a refurbishment; this has rather poshed the place up, but the beer was still delicious and refreshing. South Wooton church is also very interesting, with several fascinating artefacts. A friendly lady gardening the graveyard encouraged me to contemplate the ‘famous’ Parish Bier. Sadly this was neither delicious nor refreshing, being some sort of medieval stretcher for carrying corpses. Surely I can’t have looked in need of that already?

King’s Lynn is quite large and by Norfolk standards pretty urban; I had to pick my way through shopping estates and down narrow streets of terraced housing past umpteen young families – it was home-time from school. Skinny, hectic types were out in force in Wetherspoons even though it was only four o’clock but I nonethless very much enjoyed my first Mixed Grill of the hike.

It was then necessary to cross the accurately named Great Ouse by the quirky passenger ferry which has been operating since time immemorial. At low tide the ambience of this brief journey is rendered even more medieval. For most of the crossing the operators endearingly wade through the ooze pushing the boat by hand, presumably to save a teaspoon of petrol.


The state of the art, high-tech ferry terminal.


The ancient and legendary ferry approaches, across the Great Ouse. It’s been operating since 1285, possibly with the same boats.

I then had to trek for absolutely miles around The Wash along the Peter Scott Walk, otherwise know as the top of the sea wall. This walk seems to go on for ever although on this occasion it was enlivened by my being attacked by five miniature Pinschers while I was trying peacefully to have a tinkle in a nettle patch. A disconcerting experience on multiple levels.

As I got further out of town the quantity of Hemlock increased; luckily the path had been cut or I’d have been pushing through a forest of the lethal stuff. I then, on passing through a gate, discovered that the sea wall was now inhabited by curious and feisty cattle that became for no obvious reason strongly interested in me. For not the last time on this walk, I started to wonder whether my red jacket was a good idea. As I’d been hoping to find a peaceful spot to sleep quite soon their unwanted company was disapppointing. It got steadily darker and cooler. Still the cattle accompanied me and in a not altogether companionable way.


Miles and miles of Hemlock; Norfolk entrepreneurs could export it to Greece for executing philosophers. It occurred to me I could nibble a few stems and ease the pain of my blisters, but who’d ever find my corpse out here? I’d be picked clean by gulls in a Fenland sky burial. I decided to leave that until the mountains, where the Ravens should do a neater job.


As it got darker the cattle devised a great game. Bellowing boisterously they’d scamper in front of me then, a hundred yards or so onwards, suddenly stop and stand waiting for me on the path. This went on for miles. I’m sure it was just a game…

Finally as it was getting dark and I was getting exhausted I passed through another ramshackle gate that seemed to deter the cattle somewhat, although they then gathered to stare and bellow at me from across some pitifully feeble looking strands of wire. Undaunted, I rigged my tarp on what appeared to be an only slightly sloping section of sea wall.


A truly dreadful camp site, but the best I could find.

As I lay down and compressed the tall vegetation it became clear that this was actually a quite steeply sloping section of sea wall. It rained in the night; to stay vaguely dry I had to jam myself in a foetal position against a trekking pole. This was my last night in Norfolk and it was mythically awful, but much worse was to come.


In a foetal position, in the rain, at dawn. I love adventures.



  1. Andrew Scott · · Reply

    Hi, will read this with interest when I get time. Did you know the artist Derek Inwood from Sheringham ? I have collected 7 of his paintings over the years. Love his naïve style. Poor guy is dead now and his stuff is beginning to go up in value. Anyway I digress, I am waiting a little longer before venturing up to Hadrian’s Wall (40 min drive) Stay safe and enjoy your future ‘tarping’ . Andy.

    Sent from Mail for Windows 10

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Andy, the name does ring a bell but not very loudly I’m afraid, my OH does the art in this house, I’ll ask her. Thanks for the kind wishes, you too.


  2. Excellent, Andrew. Thank you. I’ve been waiting for this write-up and it’s brought back memories of walking the Norfolk Coast Path last year.

    That shingle beach between Cley and Weybourne was draining, though at least I had the luxury of reviving myself with a couple of pints in the Ship Inn. Well done on spotting the avocet eggs on the beach – the closest I got to that was a dead seal pup somewhere near Gramborough Hill 😦

    Look forward to the next instalment.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks, yes it’s taken a while to get round to it! The Ship is my local, they keep a nice pint alright.


  3. Oh goody, goody, goody. I can’t wait to finish work, make a cup of ICED TEA, and sit down to read this on a hot, dry afternoon in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. I will relish every rain drop you so disdain. Cheers!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Cheers to you too, I was just reading about Santa Fe (linking from the treasure chest news story), seems like a pretty nice place.


  4. Sue Woodcock · · Reply

    Looking forward to the next installment. Can’t wait for all that rain!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ha ha, thanks, I’m still not sure I can face the memories…


  5. Brenda · · Reply

    I followed your fb posts of the walk last year and could not wait for each day’s episode. This account is grIpping me in the same way. As lockdown restrictions ease, I won’t necessarily ease my own restrictions as much, but a trip to walk the quieter paths and visit the Norfolk churches might be on the cards Looking forward to chapter 2.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks, it’s about time I got round to writing it up!


  6. Have just spent an illicit night stealth camping in a wood under my Integral Designs Siltarp 1 in North Oxfordshire and now on my way home. Have enjoyed this first part of your story whilst having lunch just before the inevitable rain. Look forward to reading the rest.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks Geoff, it’s about time I got round to writing it up!


  7. I’ve never been to Norfolk, but it seems to crop up a lot in my recent reading – it’s now on my post imminent-retirement/post lockdown list. By the way, if you ever feel impelled to do a similar self-planned walk, the new Slow Ways project should help!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks, I’ll have a look. I also have a Weavers Way write-up on this blog which has lots of photos of The Broads and an introductory post on Norfolk, at least I think it has, it’s so long since I last looked at my blog I can’t quite remember what I wrote!


    2. Judging from the photo in The Guardian I’d have to up my beard game 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  8. Hi Andrew, I came by your blog after you commented on my Shrieking Pits post on my own blog today. This is fascinating to read as I also have done a walk across the country from Norfolk to Wales. Not as intrepid as yours (although I am a few years older!), I did it in installments over two summers and an autumn. I did not camp but commuted home to Norwich each night (as far as Rutland anyway) and from then on stayed with friends or in B&Bs. My own roots are in the Midlands and so my route was Yarmouth, Norwich, Wisbech, Fens, Leicester, Brum, Black Country, Shropshire, Mid Wales, Aberystwyth. Like you, I had foot trouble. The whole thing was really an excuse to write a book that linked the history and geography of the places passed through – part memoir, part psychogeography, part place writing. The write-up is now complete but I’m still looking for a publisher. All the best. Laurence (East of Elveden)

    Liked by 1 person

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